Windows Vista — like previous versions of Windows, has a hard disk scan tool to verify its integrity. Titled CHKDSK, this utility not only automatically repair file system errors but also recover bad sectors. In short, a disk error correction tool that needs to be studied in more detail.
The CHKDSK command creates and displays a report on the status of a given disk according to the file system (NTFS, FAT32, etc.). It also makes it possible to detect and correct any errors.
No need to know more or to focus on the different parameters that can be used: there’s no need to complicate it!
Use of CHKDSK
This solution is by far the simplest because it does not require intervention via theOrder Invitation.
To execute the verification, open theComputer (Workstation) then right click on the partition of your choice — the procedure is the same for all your partitions, and then click on Properties.
Then go to the tab Tools. Here, click on the button Check now... of the section Error verification.
To perform a full volume check — understand the different disks, check the following boxes:
- Automatically repair file system errors;
- Seek and attempt recovery of defective sectors;
Now click on Start.
A warning prompts you to run the check at the next PC startup. This is quite normal as no file should be used during the process. Validate the action by clicking on Schedule disk verification.
Restart the PC.
This method is in no way more complicated than the previous one but uses a command usable via the Command Invite.
To do this, enter cmd.exe in the search field of the start Menu then click on the homonym link.
Enter the following code in the newly opened window. This is actually a command that simply starts the Check Disk tool — abbreviated CHKDSK, while allowing f and r parameters for partition C:
You can change the partition to replace C: by the letter of your choice.
As with the visual method, you can only run the check when all files are unused, which requires restarting. Simply register a O for Yes then press the button Entry.
Restart the PC.
This operation may require several hours of unavailability of your PC, so plan to do so at a timely time!
At the end of the process, a report may tell you that the system has recovered faulty areas from the disk. If this is the case, your hard drive has a minor data loss concern. To have a clear core, do a second check. If the report tells you the loss of new areas then I recommend that you proceed to backup your important data.
To do this, you can use automatic data backup tool included in Windows Vista.
Finally, plan a regular execution of this tool at the rate of 1 to 2 times a month.